策展人 | 陳貺怡
Curator | Chen Kuang-Yi
PhD in History of Contemporary Art, Université Paris X-Nanterre
Professor of Department of Fine Arts and Dean of College of Fine Arts, NTUA
Lin Jui-Chen and an Incomplete Journey in Seeking Lin Jui-Chen
Lin Jui-Chen was born to a fishing family in Nanfangao, Yilan County in 1951. Life in the fishing village was rather difficult. According to his younger brother Lin Jui-Fa’s account, the family’s fishing boat was short on crew members, and therefore the children had to get up at two or three in the morning to help load ice. In junior high, the children had to set out to sea on the boat every summer and winter vacation. Lin Jui-Chen was the eldest son, with an older sister and two younger brothers. He went to Nan An Elementary School, followed by Suao Junior High School and the Senior High department at Luodong High School. During childhood, as he exhibited innate artistic talents, his parents allowed him to develop his potential and had high expectations of him. “Because it felt like he was the kind that would bring honor to the family.”1 At Luodong High School, he was classmates with Yang Cheng-Chung and Liao Tsan-Cheng. At the time, because of Wang Pan-Yuan, art flourished at Luodong High School2, with at least one student being accepted into National Taiwan Normal University or National Taiwan Academy of Arts each year. In 1968, however, as the junior high and senior high departments were separated at Luodong High School, their art teacher Wang Pan-Youn was assigned to the junior high department. Moving on to their third year of senior high, the three lost the art teacher’s instruction and could only practice on their own. They often worked together to prepare for technical exams. Yang Cheng-Chung was admitted to the Sculpture Department of National Taiwan Academy of Arts the year he graduated from junior high. Lin Jui-Chen retook the entrance exam the following year and entered the Sculpture Department of National Taiwan Academy of Arts. After the mandatory military service, Liao Tsan-Cheng entered the Western painting program at the Fine Arts Department of National Taiwan Academy of Arts. In fact, Lin had demonstrated his extraordinary talent in painting during his years at Luodong High School. As the comic book industry was experiencing a golden age, he was able to supplement his tuition by creating and submitting comics. He used the pen name "Lu Hong," (or according to his eldest sister, "Lin Yu-Chen"), which may have been inspired by Chen Hai-Hong (1918-1996), creator of The Youthful Swordsman, a popular comic book series at the time. Lin can be considered a contemporary of You Lung-Hui (1946-), whose comics were distributed by a comic book publisher, though all copies of his work have unfortunately been lost. As Yang Cheng-Chung recalls, Lin created many wuxia comics in private. Regarding his comics, he was an excellent writer, and his art style was bold and rugged. However, to pursue formal academic education, he had to quit his comics. Lin’s earliest pursuit in art, in addition to instruction by Wang Pan-Youn, was also inspired by Lieutenant Colonel Guo Yu-Zhen of the Combined Logistics Command in the discipline of traditional Chinese painting. Lieutenant Colonel Guo specialized in bird and flower painting, yet Lin was more interested in figure painting. Thus, he practices woman figure painting in Guo’s dorm room. During that period, when resources for art education was relatively scarce, aside from teachers, a student could only reference art textbooks or the precious art albums from Kodansha Ltd., imported from Japan, and learn through trial and error. ......
協同策展人 | 賴永興
Co-Curator | Lai Yun-Hsin
PhD in Fine Arts, Kanazawa College of Art
Director of Department of Sculpture, National Taiwan University of Arts
A bright meteor of Taiwan Sculpture that fell too soon and the Peers who Continued His Incomplete Journey
The origin of Taiwanese sculpture serving the needs of life and religion can be traced back to Aboriginal art and the folk sculptures of Mainland China, traces of which can still be seen in our daily lives. Another example can be found in the unearthed prehistoric objects, in which artifacts from our ancestors can be traced to island people of the Pacific Ocean. Huang Tu-Shui’s trip to Japan to study sculpture is often considered the starting point of modern sculpture in Taiwan. Sadly, Huang died young, but he did hand down a number of works to us. At that time, two other pioneering sculptors, Pu Tian-Sheng and Chen Hsia-Yu, also returned from Japan. However, Taiwan lacked sculpture departments to keep official records of their legacies for educational purpose. It was not until 1962 that National Taiwan Academy of Arts set up College of Fine Arts, with departments for Chinese Painting and Calligraphy Arts, Fine Arts and Sculpture. 1967 marked the year when sculpture became an independent discipline in the academies of Taiwan.
The teachers of the first seven years of the Sculpture Department (1967-75) were, Li Mei-Shu (Tokyo Fine Arts School), Ho Heng-Hsiung (Assistant Professor), Chiu Yunn (Hangzhou National College of Art), Hsu Ho-Yi (Assistant), Professor Chen Houei-Kuen (Tokyo Fine Arts School), Lin Ruei-Jiao (Department of Fine Arts, National Taiwan Normal University), Huang Guei-Li (Woodcarver), Chien Fang-Hsiung (Stonemasonry), Wu Shu-Ren (Real Academia Catalana de Bellas Artes de San Jorge), Liu Ying-Hung (Stonemasonry), Jen Chao-Ming (Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando), Yang Chin-Tien (Associate Professor), Ju Chuan-Tai (Ju Ming, Technical Expert), and Chen Chen-Huei (assistant). They brought together aesthetic influences from Japan, Mainland China, Spain, and local Taiwanese culture and introduced the idea of “the Eastern learning as substance, and the Western learning as application”, all of which helped to shape the first generation of local academic sculptors. Some of them went abroad to continue their studies and returned to work within Taiwan art education. They taught sculpture at different universities, and included prominent artists such as, Tu Kuo-Wei (Tainan National University of the Arts), Chang Tzu-Lung (Taipei National University of the Arts, known as TNUA), Tsai Ken (TNUA), Wang Hsiu-Chi (Mingdao University), Chen Chen-Huei (National Taiwan University of Arts, known as NTUA), Lai Chi-Man (TNUA), Chou Jui-Min (NTUA), Wang Ching-Tai (NTUA), Wei Tao-Huei (NTUA), Tsai You (NTUA), Lee Kuang-Yu (TNUA), Ruan Weng-Mong (Fu Jen Catholic University), Chen Lien-Shan (Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts), and Kao Jen-Yi taught at various vocational high schools. Thus this generation of sculptors influenced all levels of sculpture art in Taiwan. Today, most of the sculpture art in Taiwan, including works in various exhibitions, are more or less directly related to the NTUA sculpture department. Today, most of the teachers in the Department of Sculpture in NTUA have studied art abroad. In the past, modeling in clay was the main focus of the education, later on the courses were supplemented by stone and wood carving. In order to restructure and update the Department of Sculpture in NTUA, courses on metal art and the application of mixed media will also be introduced. ......